The high performance class 1012 electric locomotive was specially designed for the Austrian railroad network. The mountainous terrain with sharp curves and steep grades but also long straight routes such as in the Inn Valley or on the West Railroad / Westbahn pose great challenges in the design of locomotives for the Austrian Federal Railways. The class 1012 locomotive was originally intended for use as an express locomotive with a maximum speed of 230 km/h / 144 mph and was supposed to replace the class 1044. It was used for several years in regular scheduled service as general-purpose motive power with an output of 6.4 megawatts / 8,582 horsepower for express passenger and freight service on the point of trains for the "Rollende Landstrasse" / "Rolling Road" on the Innsbruck - Brenner line. Technically, the class 1012 was designed to haul trains of 660 metric tons on .5% grades at 220 km/h / 138 mph and of 600 metric tons on 2.8% grades at 100 km/h / 63 mph. It was designed to be able to haul express passenger trains on flat terrain and heavy freight trains in mountainous territory with double-heading equally well. The locomotive strongly resembled the SBB's class 460 in the design of its superstructure with the side walls of fluted sheet steel and the engineer's cab elements of fiberglass components. The mechanical part of the locomotive came from Simmering-Graz-Pauker, and the electric part was delivered by ELIN, Siemens, and ABB. The top management of the Austrian Federal Railways changed while the first three locomotives were being built, and new regulations were effected for announcing requests to tender bids in the EU region. Initially, the ÖBB no longer wanted to take delivery of the locomotives as a result, but an agreement was finally reached and the locomotives were accepted by the ÖBB in 1997. These locomotives were stationed in Innsbruck during their entire service life. The class 1016/1116 Taurus locomotives soon represented a more economical alternative, and the class 1012 locomotives with their attractive shape remained a splinter class.