The "Roland" TEE.
In the heyday of TEE trains running exclusively with first class cars, the F-Zug express train "Roland" was upgraded in 1969 to a Trans-Europe-Express. The "Roland" linked Bremen via Hannover, Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Basle, and Chiasso with Milan. This train also had a through car to Chur and took on a car at Basle from the "Rheingold" TEE that came from either Dortmund or Hook of Holland. Like all of the other TEE trains, the "Roland" was also painted in "Bordeaux red"/ cream, and the cars offered the highest level of comfort; naturally, there was air conditioning. The "Roland" had to do without a vista dome car however; it ran a bar car in its place and one of the then new type WRmh 132 dining cars. These cars were built in a group of 27 from 1964 to 1968 and replaced the bi-level dining cars (nicknamed in German "Buckelspeisewagen") that were so complicated to operate. In Germany, the motive power for the "Roland" TEE was usually a class 103, in Switzerland, one of the class Re 4/4 II units painted in TEE colors, and on the Italian part of the route, the FS's flagship locomotive at that time, the class E 444, also known as "Tartaruga". The name "Roland" could be found in the schedule books for the three participating state railroads until 1979, when the new Intercity (IC) product sent it into retirement. The new connecting linking Northern Germany with Lombardian Milan was now called "Tiziano" IC; only now the beginning or end of the long run was no longer Bremen but Hamburg-Altona.